Erich Maria Remarque

Short Biography by Date


1898, June 22: Birth of Erich Paul Remark at 8:15 p.m. in the Osnabrück Provincial Maternity Clinic, the son of Peter Franz Remark (born June 14, 1867 in Kaiserswerth) and Anna Maria Remark, maiden name Stallknecht (born November 21, 1871 in Katernberg)
Family residence at Jahnstraße 15. In the years following, numerous moves by the Remarks within Osnabrück

1900, September 6: Birth of sister Erna Remark

1901, October 30: Death of brother Theodor Arthur Remark (born July 9, 1896 in Osnabrück)

1903, March 25: Birth of sister Elfriede Remark

1904: Elementary School (Cathedral School, Johannis School) in Osnabrück (until 1908)

1908: Elementary School (Johannis School) in Osnabrück (until 1912)

1912: Catholic Preparatory School (three-grade prerequisite to the Catholic Teacher Training College for Elementary Teachers) in Osnabrück (until 1915)

1915: Close friendship with Fritz Hörstemeier and Friedrich Vordemberge, Erika Haase, Rudolf Kottman, Fritz Erpenbeck, Bernhard Nobbe, Hans Ballhausen, Pauline Spencker in “Traumbude” or “dream room” circle, Liebigstr. 31
July 2: Catholic Royal Teacher Training College in Osnabrück (until 1919)

1916, June: Publication of Von den Freuden und Mühen der Jugendwehr (“The Joys and Efforts of the Youth Brigade”) (first publication)
November 21: Conscription into the Army. Replacement recruit for a replacement battalion in Infantry Regiment 78, I. Recruit Depot; military training in the Caprivi Barracks, Osnabrück and in Celle

1917, January 20: One-Year Voluntary Duty Qualifying Certificate
May 5: Transfer to I. Company, I. Replacement Battalion, Infantry Regiment 78
June 12: Transfer to the Western Front, 2. Company Field Recruit Depot of the 2. Guard Reserve Division in Ham-Lenglet
June 26: Between Thorhut and Houthulst, trench troop Bethe, 2. Company Reserve Infantry Regiment 15
July 31: Wounded by grenade fragments in the left leg, right arm, and neck
before August 25 Transfer from field hospital 309 in Geite-St. Josef and in Thorhut to the St. Vinzenz Hospital in Duisburg, given a position in the orderly room
September 9: Death of mother Anna Maria Remark in the Marien Hospital, Osnabrück (cause of death: cancer of the rectum)
September 13: In Osnabrück for the burial of his mother in the Hasefriedhof
November: Work on a novel about the war

1918: Close relationship with Erika Haase
March 6: Death of Fritz Hörstemeiers, attends burial in Bremen
April: Publication of Ich und Du in Die Schönheit (2nd publication)
beginning April 12: Remark family residence on Hakenstraße 3
Summer/Fall: Close relationship with, and eventually unfulfilled love to Lucile Dietrichs
October 31: Discharged from the Duisburg hospital, reassigned to the 1. Replacement Battalion, Infantry Regiment 78 in Osnabrück
November 15: Awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, in Duisburg, confirmation by the Workers and Soldiers Council of Osnabrück

1919, January: Continuation of education at the Catholic Teacher Training College for Elementary Teachers, spokesperson of the Catholic Teacher Training College student body, and representative of their interests with Hanns-Gerd Rabe in Hannover and Berlin
January 5: Discharged from the Army, renunciation of medals and decorations
February 14: Second marriage of father, Peter Franz Remark, to Maria Anna Henrika Bahlmann (born February 26, 1872 in Cloppenburg)
June: Organization of the “Rosenfest” or Rose Festival in the Piesberg Society House, Osnabrück-Eversburg
June 25: Teaching Exam for Elementary School
August 1: Teacher in Lohne near Lingen (until March 31, 1920)

1920: Die Traumbude. Ein Künstlerroman. Dresden: Die Schönheit (publisher)
May 4: Teacher in Klein-Berssen/Hümmling (until July 31)
August 20: Teacher in Nahne near Osnabrück (until November 20)
November 20: Resigns from teaching
Odd jobs in Osnabrück as salesman, bookkeeper, gravestone salesman, piano teacher, organist

1921: Close relationship with the actress Ida-Lotte (Lolott) Preuß
beginning in March: Theater critic for the Osnabrücker Tageblatt and the Osnabrücker Landeszeitung
early in the year: First assignments for the magazine Echo Continental of the Continental Rubber Company
March 10: First known reference to the name Erich Maria Remarque (letter from Echo Continental, signed Erich Maria Remarque)
June: Desperate letter about the future of being an author, written to Stefan Zweig

1922, April 29 Change of residence to Hannover. There as advertising copywriter and editor of the magazine Echo Continental of the Continental Rubber Company

1923: Work on Gam. Roman (until 1924)
June: Editor responsible for the “entire contents” of the Echo Continental

1924, February: Publication of essays entitled Über das Mixen kostbarer Schnäpse (“On the Mixing of Precious Schnapps”) in Störtebeker (Hannover)
May: Foreword to the exhibition catalog of the constructivist Hannover Gruppe K (Hans Nitzschke, Friedel Vordemberge)
October 9: First meeting with Edith Doerry, daughter of Sport im Bild founder Kurt Doerry, in Hannover, who arranges for Remarque to come to Berlin

1925: Apartment in Berlin-Charlottenburg, Kaiserdamm 114
January 1: Editor for Sport im Bild. Das Blatt für die gute Gesellschaft (“The Paper for Good Society”) (Scherl-Verlag in Hugenberg-Konzern) in Berlin
October 14: First marriage to Ilse Jutta “Jeanne” Zambona, divorced name Winkelhoff (born August 25, 1901 in Hildesheim)

1926: “Purchase” of the noble title “Baron of Buchenwald” for allegedly 500 Reichsmarks by means of adoption through the impoverished noble Hugo von Buchenwald

1927, February 1: Left the Catholic church, along with Ilse Jutta Zambona
Fall/Winter: Work on Im Westen nichts Neues
November 25: Beginning of the preprint of Station am Horizont, which appears as a serialized novel in Sport im Bild (until February 17, 1928)

1928, March: Rejection of Im Westen nichts Neues by the S. Fischer publishing company
August: Acceptance of Im Westen nichts Neues by Ullstein, contract agreed upon
August 3: Editor responsible for the “editorial content” of Sport im Bild
November 10: Preprinting of Im Westen nichts Neues in the Vossische Zeitung (until December 9)
November 15: Resigns without giving notice from Sport im Bild

1929, January 29: Im Westen nichts Neues published as a book. Berlin: Propyläen Verlag
February: Close relationship with Brigitte Neuner (until 1931)
In Davos (until April), acquaintance with Rudolf Herzog and Kasimir Edschmid
April: Appearance of the alleged birth name “Kramer” in the nationalistic press
August 30: Visit to Harry Graf Kessler
September: Björnstjerne Björnson suggests Remarque for the Nobel prize in literature
October: Trip with Georg Middendorf from Osnabrück via Koblenz to Paris
November: First stay in the Hoberg House in Osnabrück, work on Der Weg zurück

1930, Beginning of the year: Start of close relationship with Ruth Albu (until 1932). By suggestion of Ruth Albu, purchase of art pieces and painting. Beginning of acquaintance and friendship with art dealer Walter Feilchenfeldt.
January 4: First divorce from Ilse Jutta Zambona
January 24: In Arosa and Davos (until March) with Ilse Jutta Zambona and Felicitas von Reznicek
March 29: Initial publication of Der Feind as The Enemy in Collier’s (Springfield, OH); followed by five additional narratives on World War One in Collier’s until 1931
April 29: Premier of All Quiet on the Western Front (film adaptation of Im Westen nichts Neues; Lewis Milestone, director)
July: Second stay in the Hoberg House in Osnabrück (until September), work on Der Weg zurück, meeting with Ruth Albu
October: In Paris for contract negotiations
mid-November: Remarque sees the film version of Im Westen nichts Neues in a specially-arranged viewing just for him in Osnabrück
December: In Osnabrück, work on Der Weg zurück
December 4: German premier of All Quiet on the Western Front in Berlin, massive disruptions through the National Socialists under the leadership of Joseph Goebbels
December 7: Preprinting of Der Weg zurück in the Vossische Zeitung (until January 29, 1931)
December 11: Banning of the film Im Westen nichts Neues through the Film Review Office in Berlin

1931: Suggested for the Nobel Peace prize by the Warsaw Law Professor Sigismond Cybichowski and by N.M. Butler
January 26: Participation, by way of a written statement, against the film ban of Im Westen nichts Neues at a Berlin protest event of the German League for Human Rights: “Remarque and Reality”
April: On the Cote d’Azur: Cannes, Cap d’Antibes, Monte Carlo for the Monaco Grand Prix
April 30: Der Weg zurück published as book. Berlin: Propyläen Verlag
Summer: In Heidelberg with Ruth Albu
August 20: By suggestion from Ruth Albu, purchase of Villa “Casa Monte Tabor” in Porto Ronco on Lago Maggiore (Tessin, Switzerland)

1932: Work on Pat (preliminary stage of Drei Kameraden)
April: Confiscation of a RM 20,000 bank account, after suspicion is raised following transfer of permanent residency to the Netherlands and a breach of foreign exchange regulations.
since April: Residency in Porto Ronco, mostly with Ilse Jutta Zambona
Beginning of acquaintance with Emil and Elga Ludwig (numerous meetings in the next few years in Porto Ronco), thereafter acquaintances with Jacob and Martha Wasserman, Thomas Mann, Ernst Toller, Carl Zuckmeyer, Else Lasker-Schüler, Fritz von Unruh, Ludwig Renn and other artists and authors in Switzerland
August 23: Prosecuted for breach of foreign exchange regulations at the Berlin-Mitte Court, punishment is a fine of RM 30,000 or 60 days in jail. Fine totaling RM 33,000 paid by EMR
October: In Rome
November: In Berlin, Hotel Majestic, Brandenburgischer Straße (until the end of January 1933)
Cooperation with agent Otto Klement

1933, End of January: Completion of work on Pat (preliminary stage of Drei Kameraden)
Spring: Remarque provides shelter to emigrants from Germany in Porto Ronco (including Hans Sochaczewer)
Beginning of May: Jewish journalist Felix Manuel Mendelssohn is found dead on the property of “Casa Monte Tabor,” believed to be the result of a national socialist assassination
May 10: Public burning of Remarque’s books in Berlin: “For literary betrayal of soldiers of the world war, in order to educate the people on how to fight back!”
November 20: Confiscation of Im Westen nichts Neues and Der Weg zurück (December 12) by the secret police

1934, January 20 Initial publication of Unterwegs as On the Road in Collier’s
March: Work on Drei Kameraden

1935: National Secretary Hermann Göring’s Secretary of State Körner visits Remarque in Porto Ronco and pleads with him to return to Germany; rejected by Remarque
Lengthy trip to Salzburg and Venice
June: In Paris, participates in the Exiled-Author Convention
December: In Paris (until January 1936)

1936: Close relationship with Margot von Opel (“E”)
April 1: Sentenced by the court in Charlottenburg in a lawsuit by the German Collateral Loan Agency
May: With Margot von Opel in Budapest (until May 22)
May 25: Return to Vienna, meeting with Ruth Albu
June 12: Trip with Margot von Opel to Venice, on the Lago di Gardo, Abbazzia/Opatija, Istria and Laurana/Lovran, Istria (until June 24)
December: First edition of Drei Kameraden: Kammerater. Copenhagen: Gyldendal

1937, January 19 Preprinting of Drei Kameraden as Three Comrades in Good Housekeeping (until May 30)
June 17: Premier of The Road Back (film adaptation of Der Weg zurück; James Whale, director)
June 29: Receipt of passport to the Republic of Panama for Remarque and Ilse Jutta Zambona (issued on June 9 through the consulate in Athens)
Beginning of September: In Venice; beginning of a close relationship with Marlene Dietrich, acquaintance with Josef von Sternberg
October: In Paris (until December)
December: In Vienna

1938: German edition of Drei Kameraden. Amsterdam: Querido
January 22: Second marriage to Ilse Jutta Zambona in St. Moritz
April 9: Beginning of work on Liebe Deinen Nächsten
May: In Paris (until June)
May 20: Premier of Three Comrades (film adaptation of Drei Kameraden; Frank Borzage, director)
July: In Antibes with Marlene Dietrich and her clan; meeting with Ruth Albu
July 4: Expatriation from Germany
November 19: Expatriation of Ilse Jutta Zambona
December: In Porto Ronco (until February 1939)
December 9: Beginning of work on Arc de Triomphe

1939, February First draft of Liebe Deinen Nächsten completed
March 23: Arrival in New York. Further travel by train via Chicago to Los Angeles (until June)
May 8-10: Participation, presumably through a written contribution, on the “World Congress of Writers” of the American Center of the International PEN in New York, in the section “How can culture survive exile?”
June 13: Arrival in New York
June 22: In Paris (until July 25)
July 4-8: Last time in Porto Ronco before emigration to the USA
after July 26: In Antibes with Marlene Dietrich  and her clan (until the end of August)
July 8: Preprinting of Liebe Deinen Nächsten as Flotsam in Collier’s (until September 23)
August 29: Arrival in Paris, further travel on the “Queen Mary” to New York. Further travel via Chicago, arrival in Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, Beverly Hills Hotel (September 13)
In Los Angeles, close relationship with Marlene Dietrich; close friendship with Josef von Sternberg, Maria “Kater” Dietrich-Sieber, Elisabeth Bergner and Paul Czinner, Dagmar Godowsky, Elsie Mendl; Otto Klement (agent); acquaintance with Greer Garson, Orson Welles, Igor Strawinsky, Arthur Rubinstein, Lion Feuchtwanger, Emil Ludwig, Thomas Mann, Bertolt Brecht, Cary Grant, Luggi Wolff and Brigitte Neuner-Wolff and numerous other persons, mainly from the film industry and German emigrants
Work on Arc de Triomphe
October 22: Arrival of Ilse Jutta Zambona in New York, internment on Ellis Island; beginning of friendship with Ruth Marton

1940, March 2 With Ilse Jutta Zambona in Mexico City to obtain a residency permit for the USA (until April 3)
April: Cooperation on film projects
April 23; Move into house on 1050 Hilts Avenue, Westwood, Los Angeles
June 19: First encounter with Paulette Goddard
September 28: First encounter with Greta Garbo
November: Beginning of work on the filming of Beyond
November/December: End of close relationship with Marlene Dietrich
November 21: Certification d’identité from the Swiss authorities
December 13: Arrival in New York, Sherry Netherland Hotel

1941, January 12 Beginning of close relationship with Natasha Paley Brown
January 21: Premier of So Ends Our Night (film adaptation of Liebe Deinen Nächsten; John Cromwell, director)
February 20: Departs New York. Travels via Chicago to Los Angeles
March 31: Publication of Liebe Deinen Nächsten: Flotsam. Boston: Little, Brown
April 14: Beginning of close relationship with Greta Garbo (until May 25)
May 4: Radio appearance (interview or speech) at a California radio station
May 8-9: In San Diego and San Ysidro, Tijuana, Mexico to extend visa
Work on Arc de Triomphe
June: Close relationship with Frances Cain (until October)
July/August: Collaborates on a script for Elisabeth Bergner (dialogue revision)
September 8: Close relationship with Lupe Velez (until March 26, 1942); attends boxing matches almost daily
German publication of Liebe Deinen Nächsten. Roman. Stockholm: Bermann-Fischer
October 8: Application for residency in the city of Los Angeles

1942, January 15: Move into the Beverly Wilshire Hotel
March: Exhibit with works from Remarque’s art collection at the Los Angeles County Museum
March 27: Beginning of curfew: ban on going out in the evening as well as a ban on travel further than 5 miles from one’s residence
May 14-15: Collaboration with the European Film Fund, an organization to support emigrants to the USA who lack other means of support
June 15: Beginning of close relationship with Vera Zorina (until July 8)
August 13: First encounter and friendship with Franz Werfel and Alma Mahler-Werfel
August 15: Draft Board Registration, classified as 3A, married
September: Meeting with the staff of US Vice President Wallace to discuss possible anti-fascist work
October 28: Departs Los Angeles for New York, Sherry Netherland Hotel
In New York, friendships and acquaintances with Sam Salz (art dealer, meet nearly every day), Terence Philip and Toni Hollingsworth, Elisabeth Bergner, Elsie Mendl, Elsa Maxwell, Dr. Graefenberg, Carl Zuckmayer, Rudolf Sieber, Greta Garbo, Fritz von Unruh, Dorothy Thompson, Gloria Swanson and other persons, including many Russian and German emigrants, persons from the theater; regular meetings with Ilse Jutta Zambona
November 21: Resumption of close relationship with Natasha Paley Wilson (married to the theater director Jack Wilson)
December 16-17: In Washington, renewed discussion with Vice President Wallace and his staff

1943, April After an interruption of many months, resumes work on Arc de Triomphe
August 20: Move into the Ambassador Hotel
September 13: Arrival in Los Angeles, Beverly Wilshire Hotel
October 8: Final move to New York
October 18: Opening of the “Loan Exhibition” from Remarque’s art collection in the Knoedler Galleries, New York
December 16: Elfriede Remark (married name Scholz) sentenced to death (October 30) by the Nazi’s People’s Court for “undermining military force” and beheaded by axe in Berlin-Plötzensee

1944, June: Attempt by the Office of Strategic Services to convince Remarque to become active in propaganda work in Europe
August 25: First draft of Arc de Triomphe completed
September 27: Beginning of work on Practical Educational Work in Germany after the War (“Praktische Erziehungsarbeit in Deutschland nach dem Krieg”), memorandum for the American secret service OSS about the possibilities and methods for the political education of Germans after the collapse of fascism

1945, January Beginning of work on Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben, further work on Arc de Triomphe
September 15: Preprinting of Arc de Triomphe as Arch of Triumph in Collier’s (until October 20)
September 26: Suicide of stepmother Maria Anna Henrika Bahlmann in Aschendorf near Bad Rothenfelde
December: First edition of Arc de Triomphe: Arch of Triumph. New York: Appleton-Century

1946, April Sworn affidavit in reference to tax questions through the New York legal authorities
May: German edition of Arc de Triomphe. Roman. Zürich: Micha
June 11: News of the murder of Elfriede Scholz (maiden name Remark), received 2 1/2 years after the fact
July: Beginning of work on Der Funke Leben
July: Beginning of cooperation with Harriet Pilpel from Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst, regarding financial and contractual questions
Acquaintance with Salvador Dali, Oskar Homolka, Hermann Broch, friendship with Friedrich Torberg

1947, March 27 Premier of The Other Love (film adaptation of Beyond; André de Toth, director)
July: First drafts of Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben and Der Funke Leben completed
August 7: Application for US citizenship along with Ilse Jutta Zambona (Naturalization No. 67/0597, Petition No. 54/657)

1948, February 16 Premier of Arch of Triumph (film adaptation of Arc de Triomphe; Lewis Milestone, director)
May 19: Return to Europe after 9 years of exile in the USA. Arrival in Le Havre, further travel to Paris, Hotel Georges V., meeting there with Natasha Paley
May 29: Departure from Paris for Porto Ronco (June 2), via Basel and Zürich, meeting there with his father, Peter Franz Remark
July 11: In Rome (until July 26), meeting there with Natasha Paley
October 21: Arrival in New York, Ambassador Hotel
November 9: Seriously ill with Ménière’s Syndrome (until mid-December)

1949, March Work on Der Funke Leben
April: Court case in Los Angeles against Enterprise Production (production company of Arch of Triumph) for defaulting on a $10,000 payment
May 21: In Paris, Hotel Lancaster (until May 27); meeting there with Walter and Marianne Feilchenfeldt and Natasha Paley; further travel via Zürich to Porto Ronco (May 29)
July 12: Trip via Milan to Rome, Hotel Excelsior (until July 19); meeting there with Natasha Paley
August 13: First encounter with Karen Horney
August 31: First idea for Die Nacht von Lissabon
September: Work on Der Funke Leben
September 19: In Zürich with Ellen Janssen, meeting there with Peter Remark
September 27: Departure for Paris, Hotel Lancaster
September 30: Departure from Le Havre for New York, Ambassador Hotel, with Ilse Jutta Zambona

1950, April 25 End of close relationship with Natasha Paley, after nearly 10 years
May/June: Work on Der Funke Leben
May 27: Arrival in Paris, Hotel Lancaster, further travel via Basel to Porto Ronco (May 31)
June 22: In Basel and Mulhouse; meeting there with Peter Remark
Close friendship with Karen and Brigitte Horney
July 13: First therapy session with Karen Horney, further continuing sessions until Karen Horney’s departure on September 6; at the same time, strongly influenced by the “clairvoyant” Helma Wink
July 18: First notes for Schatten im Paradies
Writes poetry
August 15: Beginning of self-analysis based on Karen Horney’s psychoanalysis (“important important day”)
October 20: Olga Ammann replaces Ellen Janssen as secretary
November 4: Work on Der Funke Leben
November 16: In New York, Ambassador Hotel
Continuation of therapy with Karen Horney
December 14: Beginning of collaboration with agent Felix Guggenheim
Acquaintance with Arthur Koestler

1951, March 26: Encounter with Soma Morgenstern
May 4: Beginning of close relationship with Paulette Goddard (born June 3, 1910 as Marion Goddard Levy)
June: Work on the translation of Der Funke Leben into English
June 1: Moves out of the Ambassador Hotel (after nearly 8 years) and into an apartment at 320 East 57th Street, 15th floor
June 14: In Paris, Hotel Lancaster, further travel via Basel to Porto Ronco (June 23)
December: Work on Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben

1952, January First edition of Der Funke Leben: Spark of Life. New York: Appleton-Century
Renewed attack of Ménière’s Syndrome
April 24: Arrival in New York
July: German edition of Der Funke Leben. Roman. Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
July 5: Arrival in Rotterdam, further travel to Amsterdam, Hotel Pays-Bas, meeting with Henri van der Velde; July 10: further travel to Osnabrück, visit with father Peter Franz Remark and sister Erna, married name Rudolph, in Bad Rothenfelde; July 12: further travel via Hannover to Berlin, Hotel Steinplatz; July 22: further travel to Munich, meeting there with Kurt Desch, Theodor Plievier, Erich Kästner and Hans-Hellmuth Kirst (July 24); July 26: Departs Munich for Porto Ronco, via Zürich
September: Work on Die Heimkehr des Enoch J. Jones
September 18: In Venice, Hotel Danieli with Paulette Goddard (until September 29), meeting there with F. Th. Csokor and Kasimir Edschmid
October 14: Arrival in New York
October: Diagnosed with liver diabetes
End of October: Work on Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben and Schatten im Paradies
December: Beginning of work on Der schwarze Obelisk

1953: Under the influence of Paulette Goddard, increasingly turns to Far Eastern philosophy, primarily Zen
January: Encounter with Norma Mailer
as of January 25: Becomes ill again from Ménière’s Syndrome
March: Work on Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben
April 19: First encounter with Ernst Glaeser after 20 years
May: Work on Die letzte Station, Die Heimkehr des Enoch J. Jones, La Barcarole
June 20: Death of Josef Kramer, gardener in Porto Ronco since the mid-1930s
August 1: Arrival in Rotterdam, further travel to Amsterdam, Amstel Hotel, meeting with publisher van der Velde; August 2: further travel without Paulette Goddard to Osnabrück, via Amersfoort, visit with father Peter Franz Remark and sister Erna Rudolph in Bad Rothenfelde, city tour of Osnabrück; August 4: return to Amsterdam via Amersfoort (August 4). Flight with Paulette Goddard to Milan, further travel to Porto Ronco (August 6)
December: Completion of work on Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben
December 9: Death of Walter Feilchenfeldt

1954, as of January: Meeting with José Orabuena (earlier Hans Sochaczewer
February 12: In St. Moritz, Palace Hotel, with Paulette Goddard
March 15: Arrival in Porto Ronco
March 24: “Requested revisions” from Kiepenheuer & Witsch for Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben
April: First edition of Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben: A Time to Love and a Time to Die. New York: Harcourt, Brace
Beginning of May: Beginning of work on Der schwarze Obelisk
June 9: Death of father Peter Franz Remark
June 11: Arrival in Osnabrück, further travel to Bad Rothenfelde; meeting there with cousins Aloys and Josef Remark; June 12: Burial of father; short visit in Osnabrück, return to Paris
July: Beginning of work on Der letzte Akt (screenplay by Michael A. Musmannos “Ten Days to Die”)
August 6: Trip with Paulette Goddard via Bregenz to Munich, Hotel Bayerischer Hof (August 7); meeting there with G. W. Pabst and Carl Szokoll, Ingrid Bergman and Roberto Rosselini; August 13: further travel to Salzburg, Hotel Stein; visit to the festival productions
August 22: Encounter with Manès Sperber
September:  First German edition of Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben. Roman. Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
September 22: First draft of Der letzte Akt completed
October 5: Trip with Paulette Goddard to a health spa in Montecatini Terme and Florence (until November 7); work there on the second draft of Der letzte Akt
December: Work on Der schwarze Obelisk

1955, January 19 Stay in Vienna during the filming of Der letzte Akt (screenplay by Remarque, directed by Georg Wilhelm Pabst) until the end of January
March: In Paris (until April 9)
April 17: Premier of Der letzte Akt
October 30: Trip via Zürich to Munich, Berlin, Frankfurt/Main and Paris (until November 13)

1956, April 30 Publication of Be Vigilant!, political article by Remarque in the Daily Express (London)
September 17: In Berlin for the final rehearsals and premier of Die letzte Station (until the beginning of October), radio interview for the SFB
September 20: Die letzte Station. Schauspiel (premier at the Renaissance Theater as part of the Berlin Festival)
October: First edition of Der schwarze Obelisk. Geschichte einer verspäteten Jugend. Roman. Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
November 4: In Paris until November 22
November 23: Arrival in New York

1957, May 20 Second divorce from Ilse Jutta Zambona in Juarez, Mexico
as of June 14: In Los Angeles, work on the screenplay to Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben (until mid-July)
September 28: Stay in Berlin (until October 25) for the filming of A Time to Love and a Time to Die (screenplay by Remarque, directed by Douglas Sirk), Remarque takes on the role of Pohlmann, the teacher
The Eye is a Strong Seducer, political article regarding the film A Time to Love and a Time to Die

1958, February 25 Marriage to Paulette Goddard in Branford, Connecticut, USA
March 19: Premier of A Time to Love and a Time to Die (film adaptation of Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben; Douglas Sirk, director)
June: In New York (until July 2)
October: In Venice

1959, March 18 Arrival in New York
July: Preprinting of Der Himmel kennt keine Günstlinge as Geborgtes Leben. Geschichte einer Liebe (“A Secure Life. A Story of Love”) in Kristall (Hamburg) (until December)
October/November: Together with Josef Wolf, a revision for Ultra-Film of the German script for On the Beach/Das letzte Ufer (German version of the Stanley Kramer film based on Nevil Shutes novel On the Beach)
October 27: In Porto Ronco
December 16: In New York

1960: First edition of Geborgtes Leben as Zhizn’ vzajmy. Moskva: Izdatelstvo Inostrannoj Literatury
March 30: In Rome
May 2: In Paris
September 1: Via Paris to Rome

1961, January 15 Preprinting of Die Nacht von Lissabon. Roman in Welt am Sonntag (until May 14)
February: Preprinting of Der Himmel kennt keine Günstlinge as Heaven has no Favorites in Good Housekeeping (until March)
Der Himmel kennt keine Günstlinge. Roman (book version of Geborgtes Leben). Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

1962: Acquaintance with Heinz and Ruth Liepman
November 30: Political interview with Heinz Liepman in the Züricher Woche (reprinted in Welt am Sonntag)
December: First edition of Die Nacht von Lissabon. Roman. Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

1963, January 22: In Berlin, radio interview with RIAS-Berlin and SDR
January 28: Television interview with Friedrich Luft (first broadcast on February 3 as part of the series “Das Profil”)
January 31: In Munich (until February 4)
April 1: In Paris (until April 20)
April 20: In London (until May 8), return to Paris
September: Trip to Rome, then Naples, Hotel Excelsior (until October), there has second heart attack
December: Awarded the Möser Medal from the city of Osnabrück

1964, until October: “Great depression”
October 1: Trip with Paulette to Venice Hotel Danieli, and Florence (until October 14)
Work on a new version of Die letzte Station
October 31: Presentation of the Möser Medal by a delegation of the city council of Osnabrück in Porto Ronco
November 7: Death of Walter Rudolph, husband of Erna Remark
December: Revision of Die letzte Station

1965, January 20: Trip with Paulette Goddard to Milan, there has third (mild) heart attack and stays in clinic until February 7
July 21: Publication of Frontal durch Krieg und Frieden. (“Head-on through war and peace.”)  Über Hans Frick: Breinitzer oder die andere Schuld in Der Spiegel
September 30: In Naples, Hotel Excelsior (until October 29)
December 27: In Rome, Hotel Flora (until March 1966)

1966, April: In New York (until August)

1967, April 25 “Großes Verdienstkreuz” or highest medal of honor awarded by the Federal Republic of Germany
May 1: In Rome, Hotel de la Ville (until July 5)
July 20: In Bern, presentation of the “Großes Verdienstkreuz” by the German ambassador
October: In Venice
December 6: In Florence (until December 8), further travel to Rome (until June)

1968, June 22 Corresponding member of the Germany Academy for Language and Literature, Darmstadt
Honorary Citizen of the communities of Ronco and Ascona
December 10: “Elfriede-Scholz-Straße” created by decision of the city council of Osnabrück
December 15: In Rome

1969, January: In Rome, Hotel de la Ville (until May 4)
October: Stay in Venice

1970, September 25: Death in the Clinica Sant’ Agnese in Locarno (cause of death: aortic aneurysm)

1971, April: First edition of Schatten im Paradies. Roman (published by Paulette Goddard, from the estate). Munich: Droemer-Knaur
April 9: Initial broadcast of Die Nacht von Lissabon (television version of Die Nacht von Lissabon; Zbynek Brynych, director)
June 15: “Erich Maria Remarque-Ring” created by decision of the city council of Osnabrück

1973, November 7 Premier of Full Circle (adaptation of Die letzte Station by Peter Stone) at the ANTA-Theater, New York

1975, June 25: Death of Ilse Jutta Zambona in Monte Carlo

1977, August 31 Premier of Bobby Deerfield (film adaptation of Der Himmel kennt keine Günstlinge; Sidney Pollack, director)

1978, February 15: Death of sister Erna Remark in Bad Rothenfelde

1979, November 7 Auction of 30 impressionist paintings from Remarque’s collection by Sotheby Parke Bernet, New York, for $3.1 million
November 14: Premier of All Quiet on the Western Front (second film adaptation of Im Westen nichts Neues; Delbert Mann, director)

1985, May 29 Initial broadcast of Arch of Triumph (television version of Arc de Triomphe; Warris Hussein, director)

1988, October 15: Premier of Die Heimkehr des Enoch J. Jones at “die probebühne” in Osnabrück

1989, May 26: Opening of the Erich Maria Remarque Archives in the University of Osnabrück Library as a joint institution of the city of Osnabrück and the University of Osnabrück

1990, April 23: Death of Paulette Goddard at “Casa Monte Tabor” in Porto Ronco; sole beneficiary is the New York University, represented through the “Estate of the Late Paulette Goddard-Remarque”

1991, March 1: Brunnenstraße premiers at “die probebühne” in Osnabrück
June 13: First-time awarding of the Erich Maria Remarque Peace Prize of the city of Osnabrück

1995, December 1: Auction of the manuscript of Im Westen nichts Neues by Sotheby’s London, purchased by the Niedersächsishe Sparkasse Foundation for the Erich Maria Remarque Archives